Slavery Facts – 115 Unknown Facts About Slavery
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African American Slavery Facts
New York was a major hub of slave trade. Black slaves accounted for more than 35% of the total immigration through the port of New York between 1732 and 1754
Virginia had the highest slave population than any other state in the country with 490,865 slaves in 1860.
In 1860, Maryland had the largest population of free blacks.
In 1860, majority of free blacks in the south were female nearly 52.6% of free blacks were women.
Free blacks were also older than the average slave in 1860. 20% of free blacks were over the age of 40 compared to 15% of slaves and whites.
There were nearly 4 billion slaves by 1860, and over half of them living in the cotton producing states of the South.
In 1860, when Abraham Lincoln won the presidency of U.S. on an anti-slavery platform. The seven southern pro-slavery states seceded to form the Confederate States of America.
Later incidents led to the Civil War from 1861-65. Four more states then added to the Confederates making their total to 14 states.
The Unions main aim at first was not to abolish slavery but to preserve the United Nations as a nation. Abolition became a war aim only later.
In 1863, Emancipation proclamation was issued declaring that all slaves in the U.S. were free persons and will remain free.